Home > consciousness, cosmology, first cause, Perception, philosophy, physics > Why PIP (and MSR) Solves the Hard Problem of Consciousness

Why PIP (and MSR) Solves the Hard Problem of Consciousness

September 16, 2013 Leave a comment Go to comments

The Hard Problem of consciousness asks why there is a gap between our explanation of matter, or biology, or neurology, and our experience in the first place. What is it there which even suggests to us that there should be a gap, and why should there be a such thing as experience to stand apart from the functions of that which we can explain.

Materialism only miniaturizes the gap and relies on a machina ex deus (intentionally reversed deus ex machina) of ‘complexity’ to save the day. An interesting question would be, why does dualism seem to be easier to overlook when we are imagining the body of a neuron, or a collection of molecules? I submit that it is because miniaturization and complexity challenge the limitations of our cognitive ability, we find it easy to conflate that sort of quantitative incomprehensibility with the other incomprehensibility being considered, namely aesthetic* awareness. What consciousness does with phenomena which pertain to a distantly scaled perceptual frame is to under-signify it. It becomes less important, less real, less worthy of attention.

Idealism only fictionalizes the gap. I argue that idealism makes more sense on its face than materialism for addressing the Hard Problem, since material would have no plausible excuse for becoming aware or being entitled to access an unacknowledged a priori possibility of awareness. Idealism however, fails at commanding the respect of a sophisticated perspective since it relies on naive denial of objectivity. Why so many molecules? Why so many terrible and tragic experiences? Why so much enduring of suffering and injustice? The thought of an afterlife is too seductive of a way to wish this all away. The concept of maya, that the world is a veil of illusion is too facile to satisfy our scientific curiosity.

Dualism multiplies the gap. Acknowledging the gap is a good first step, but without a bridge, the gap is diagonalized and stuck in infinite regress. In order for experience to connect in some way with physics, some kind of homunculus is invoked, some third force or function interceding on behalf of the two incommensurable substances. The third force requires a fourth and fifth force on either side, and so forth, as in a Zeno paradox. Each homunculus has its own Explanatory Gap.

Dual Aspect Monism retreats from the gap. The concept of material and experience being two aspects of a continuous whole is the best one so far – getting very close. The only problem is that it does not explain what this monism is, or where the aspects come from. It rightfully honors the importance of opposites and duality, but it does not question what they actually are. Laws? Information?

Panpsychism toys with the gap.Depending on what kind of panpsychism is employed, it can miniaturize, multiply, or retreat from the gap. At least it is committing to closing the gap in a way which does not take human exceptionalism for granted, but it still does not attempt to integrate qualia itself with quanta in a detailed way. Tononi’s IIT might be an exception in that it is detailed, but only from the quantitative end. The hard problem, which involves justifying the reason for integrated information being associated with a private ‘experience’ is still only picked at from a distance.

Primordial Identity Pansensitivity, my candidate for nomination, uses a different approach than the above. PIP solves the hard problem by putting the entire universe inside the gap. Consciousness is the Explanatory Gap. Naturally, it follows serendipitously that consciousness is also itself explanatory. The role of consciousness is to make plain – to bring into aesthetic evidence that which can be made evident. How is that different from what physics does? What does the universe do other than generate aesthetic textures and narrative fragments? It is not awareness which must fit into our physics or our science, our religion or philosophy, it is the totality of eternity which must gain meaning and evidence through sensory presentation.


*Is awareness ‘aesthetic’? That we call a substance which causes the loss of consciousness a general anesthetic might be a serendipitous clue. If so, the term local anesthetic as an agent which deadens sensation is another hint about our intuitive correlation between discrete sensations and overall capacity to be ‘awake’. Between sensations (I would call sub-private) and personal awareness (privacy) would be a spectrum of nested channels of awareness.


  1. September 16, 2013 at 4:03 pm

    does this indicate that “consciousness” is a synonym for the human “umwelt” or “lebenswelt”? Consciousness IS how humans-particularly interact, perceive, select, navigate, act with world?

    • September 16, 2013 at 5:11 pm

      I think that sense is figuratively knotted around itself quantitatively – displacing itself by frequency, harmony, scale, distance (these are forms of entropy, which I say is the absence of sensory connection…out of range, out of context, fragmented = noise). Consciousness is continuum from which welt, umwelt and lebenswelt diverge. This insane looking post that I just wrote actually relates. https://multisenserealism.com/2013/09/16/non-well-founded-identity-principle/

      …as does the eigenmorphism article:https://multisenserealism.com/thesis/6-panpsychism/eigenmorphism/

      Human consciousness is a particular view on all other views. Rather than saying that there is an independent reality ‘out there’ which we see part of, it is only parts of every other subjectively experienced reality that we see – flattened or stretched, swirled, faded, implied, etc as the nature of the total relation dictates.

      • September 16, 2013 at 5:15 pm

        yes this is my sense of von Uexkull – Heidegger (some) – and eco-social semiotic views of ‘consciousness’ though the term isn’t often used because it just is – a kind of terminological entity for the “experienced reality we” process? I like-a your thoughts.

      • September 16, 2013 at 5:50 pm

        Thanks. Yes, consciousness is kind of a legacy term to me now. I would like to replace it for scientific purposes with ‘private physics’ – human consciousness is the physics of human privacy, sub-privacy, and super-privacy just as the public physics of our body is micro-public, macro-public, and cosmo-public.

      • September 16, 2013 at 5:58 pm

        i like that. would private physics differ from individualized physics?

      • September 16, 2013 at 6:38 pm

        Private physics would include all experiences of all kinds throughout eternity (including the ‘future’…but that’s a different sense of future than the ‘time machine’ sense of a future which is inevitable.

        Individuality, as far as a human individual, would include public physics too. Our body, our lunch, clothes, etc would be individual but not only private.

      • September 16, 2013 at 7:25 pm

        good point

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